LAW 62/2018 OF 22 AUGUST

AMENDMENT TO THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK REGULATING THE EXPLOITATION OF LOCAL ACCOMMODATION ESTABLISHMENTS

Law 62/2018 of 22 August (which will come into force on the 21st October 2018) introduced several changes to the legal document regulating the exploitation of local accommodation establishments – Decree Law 39/2008 of 7 March –, aiming at halting the exponential increase of such establishments and at countering some of the pernicious consequences with which it has been associated.

Generally, Law 62/2008 introduced obligations to those who already take advantage of this business, simultaneously granting condominiums and municipalities the authority to limit the expansion of new establishments.

The main changes introduced by Law 62/2008 are as follows:

 

MUNICIPALITIES

Municipalities are granted the power to approve, by regulation and reasoned deliberation, containment areas by parish, enabling the potential enforcement of limits regarding the number of local accommodation establishments.

In the abovementioned containment areas, a single landlord can only exploit a maximum of seven local accommodation establishments, this being a quantitative restriction which did not exist beforehand.

Until the entry into force of the regulation referred above, the municipal assemblies may still, through reasoned decision, taken after proposal of the city halls, suspend the authorization of new registries, for the maximum of one year, in the defined containment areas.

The Lisbon City Hall has already announced its intention to propose the suspension of new registries in the following neighborhoods: Castelo, Mouraria, Alfama, Bairro Alto and Madragoa, which is waiting approval by the Lisbon municipal assembly.

Additionally, through sustained deliberation of the municipal assemblies, adopted following the proposal of the municipalities, the granting of new registrations can be suspended for a period of no more than one year, in the containment areas specifically delimited.

The new registration of local accommodation establishments is effected, on a deadline, upon prior notification addressed to the Mayor who can issue grounded opposition to the registration. 

The Mayor can, additionally, order the cancelling of the establishment’s registration in the cases referred to in Article 9 of Decree-Law 39/2008.

CONDOMINIUMS

The tenants’ assembly can, by decision of more than half of the building, expressed in parts per thousand, through reasoned deliberation arising from continued and demonstrated practice of acts that disturb the normal use of the building, as well as from acts that cause a nuisance and impair the tenants’ rest, oppose to the development of the local establishment activity and propose to the Mayor with local jurisdiction the cancellation of the local accommodation registration.

No caso dos hostels, a comunicação prévia com prazo (relativa ao novo registo) deverá, obrigatoriamente, ser acompanhada de acta da assembleia de condóminos que autorize a sua instalação.

O condomínio pode ainda fixar aos condóminos titulares de estabelecimentos de alojamento local, o pagamento de uma contribuição adicional, com um limite de 30% do valor anual da quota respectiva, correspondente às despesas decorrentes da utilização acrescida das partes comuns.

 

RESPONSABILIDADE POR DANOS PROVOCADOS NO EDIFÍCIO

Responsabilidade solidária: O titular do estabelecimento de alojamento local é solidariamente responsável com os hóspedes relativamente aos danos provocados por estes no prédio em que aquele se insere.

Seguro multirrisco: O titular do estabelecimento de alojamento local é obrigado a celebrar e a manter válido um seguro multirrisco de responsabilidade civil que, designadamente, cubra riscos de incêndio e danos patrimoniais e não patrimoniais causados a hóspedes e a terceiros, decorrentes daquela actividade.

 

LIVRO DE INFORMAÇÕES

Os estabelecimentos de alojamento local são obrigados a ter um livro de informações sobre o funcionamento do estabelecimento e respectivas regras de utilização internas, devendo esse livro ser disponibilizado em quatro línguas, duas das quais devem ser, obrigatoriamente, o português e o inglês.

Passa, ainda, a ser obrigatória a afixação de uma placa identificativa do estabelecimento de alojamento local.

 

AUMENTO DO VALOR DAS COIMAS

Foram aumentados os valores das coimas de 3.740,98€ para 4.000,00€ no caso de pessoas singulares, e de 35.000€ para 40.000€ no caso de pessoas colectivas, quando, nomeadamente, se verifique uma situação em que o estabelecimento de alojamento local não esteja registado ou em que o registo esteja desactualizado, ou caso sejam incumpridas as normas acerca da capacidade máxima dos estabelecimentos.

 

APPLICABILITY

Some of the above-mentioned provisions will not have immediate applicability, having a two-year deadline been granted so that owners of already existing local accommodation establishments take multi-risks insurance, place identifying plaques and/or take on the obligation to pay an additional contribution to the condominium’s share, to a maximum of 30%.

Pares Advogados

Address:
Rua Alexandre Herculano, 23 - 2º, 1250-008, Lisboa,

Contacts:
Rui RompanteMaria Marreiros

Phone Number:
+351 210936404

Fax:
+351 210937407

Website:
www.paresadvogados.com

E-mail:
geral@paresadvogados.com

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